Machu Picchu

History

Machu Picchu is an Inca citadel built during the 15th century. Historians propose that Machu Picchu was part of the royal state of the rulers of the Inca Empire. This citadel was constructed during the height of the Inca Empire. Therefore, it displays the classic Inca building techniques, such as the dry-stone walls.

Machu Picchu was abandoned during the 16th century, and it wasn’t affected by the Spanish conquest. At the beginning of the 20th century, Machu Picchu was rediscovered by an American expedition led by Hiram Bingham. Since then, the citadel has undergone extensive restoration process.

Geography

Machu Picchu is located 80 kilometers northwest of the city of Cusco, at an elevation of 2430 meters above sea level. The climate of Machu Picchu differs greatly from that of Cusco. It has a tropical climate that is much hotter than the rest of the region due to its proximity to the Peruvian rainforest.

Activities

The citadel of Machu Picchu has a great variety of ancient Inca buildings. The main structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows. Visitors can appreciate the imposing stone walls and the complex agricultural terraces that made up the citadel. It’s also possible to take part in a short trek to the Huayna Picchu Mountain, situated near the citadel.

Our Travel Packages

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Ancascocha Trek Inca Trail

Ancascocha Trek Inca Trail

7 Days
Cusco
Machu Picchu
Sale
Easy Inca Trail 2 Days - 1 Night

Easy Inca Trail 2 Days – 1 Night

2 Days/ 1 Night
Cusco
Machu Picchu
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